Plant products of biotechnology have been available in the market for some time now. These modified crops look like their traditional counterparts, but they possess special characteristics that make them better. These crops benefit both farmers and consumers. Farmers gain higher crop yields and have increased flexibility in management practices while consumers have “healthier crops” (i.e., crops grown with fewer pesticides and/or with healthier nutritional characteristics).
Plant products of biotechnology approved for food use have been modified to contain traits such as:
- Insect resistance
- Disease resistance
- Herbicide tolerance
- Altered nutritional profile
- Enhanced storage life
Examples of plant products of biotechnology
|Bean||Virus disease resistance|
|Canola||Herbicide tolerance, modified product quality, pollination control system|
|Cotton||Herbicide tolerance, insect resistance|
|Maize||Abiotic stress tolerance, herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, modified product quality, pollination control system|
|Potato||Disease resistance, herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, modified product quality|
|Rice||Herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, modified product quality|
|Tomato||Disease resistance, insect resistance, modified product quality|
Soybean is the oil crop of greatest economic relevance in the world. Its beans contain proportionally more essential amino acids than meat, thus making it one of the most important food crops today. Processed soybeans are important ingredients in many food products.
Herbicide tolerant soybean varieties contain a gene that provides resistance to one of two broad spectrum herbicides.
This modified soybean provides better weed control and reduces crop injury. It also improves farm efficiency by optimizing yield, using arable land more efficiently, saving time for the farmer, and increasing the flexibility of crop rotation. It also encourages the adoption of no-till farming-an important part of soil conservation practice.
These varieties are the same as other soybeans in nutrition, composition, and in the way they are processed into food and feed. * Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, European Union (EU), Mexico, Paraguay, South Africa, Taiwan, United States of America (USA), and Uruguay are planting countries, while Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, South Korea, Switzerland and Turkey are importing countries.