0413 Black And Red DNA For

What is Biotechnology PPT?

Title: MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY Microbial Biotechnology in the

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MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
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Objectives

  • At the end of this class, the students should be
    able to
  • Recognize the significant applications of
    microorganisms in agriculture, industry, health
    and molecular biology research
  • Cite examples of industrial products of microbial
    biotechnology useful to man

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Microorganisms
  • Minute living things unseen by the naked eyes
  • Diverse and unique life form
  • Ubiquitous in nature live in soil, water, food,
    animal intestines as well as in extreme settings
    such as glaciers, hot springs and deep-sea
    thermal vents

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Microorganisms
Protozoan
Algae
Yeast
Mold
Archaeon
Bacterium
Virus
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Microorganisms
  • Used in the production of fermented foods (eg.
    beer, wine, bread etc.)
  • Used in the production of enzymes and bioactive
    compounds for medical and pharmaceuticals
  • Used in bioremediation and waste treatment

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Microbial Biotechnology
  • Application of scientific and engineering
    principles to the processing of materials by
    microorganisms to create useful products or
    processes.
  • Microorganisms utilized may be natural isolates,
    laboratory selected mutants or microbes that have
    been genetically engineered using recombinant
  • DNA methods.

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Microbial Biotechnology
  • Deals with the prevention of deterioration of
    processed or manufactured goods, environmental
    protection and with waste disposal system.
  • Production of antibiotics, organic acids and
    enzymes by fermentation of natural microbes,
    laboratory selected mutants or microbes
    genetically engineered using recombinant DNA
    methods.

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Microbial Biotechnology in Foods and Agriculture
  • Benefits
  • development of genetically engineered plants with
    internal resistance to drought, frost, insect
    pests and infestation
  • reduction in dependency of plants on chemical
    fertilizers and identification of alternatives to
    expensive fertilizers
  • replacement of dangerous chemical pesticides with
    microbial pesticides to manage and control the
    problem of pests

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Microbial Biotechnology in Foods and Agriculture
  • reduction in the reliance on chemical treatments
    to control weeds by engineering herbicide
    tolerance into crops
  • production of products that have high yield and
    enhanced nutritional value
  • development of novel biomass products as
    foodstuffs, using organisms such as algae, fungi,
    bacteria and yeast.

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Microbial Biotechnology in Foods and Agriculture
Interesting facts
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